Document Type : Original Articles
1 MSc of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercises, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2 PhD of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercises, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
Introduction: Due to the nature of the martial art of judo, injuries are very common. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to study sports injuries in male and female judokas of Iranian national teams.Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive-analytical study in which the subjects included judokas of Iranian national teams (51 and 46 women) who were selected using the purposive and convenience sampling method. The Australian Sports Medicine Injury Standard Questionnaire was used to assess sports injuries. For analysis of information, descriptive and chi-square tests were used.Results: The results showed that 95.09% of all male and female samples experienced at least one injury. The incidence of injury in all Judokas was 46.39 injuries per 1000 athlete-exposures (A-E). Additionally, the incidence of injury was 54.9 injuries per 1000 A-E in men and 36.95 injuries per 1000 A-E in women. Knee joint (female: 16.18%, male: 26.78%), shoulder (female: 27.94%, male: 13.39%), and fingers (female: 10.92%, male: 17.86 %) suffered the most from sports injuries, but there were no significant differences between male and female genders in this regard (X2 = 16.15, P = 0.30). The most common types of injuries were ligament (female: 19.12%, male: 31.25%) and tendon (female: 19.12%, male: 11.60%) injuries, but there were no significant differences in terms of gender (X2 = 20.90, P = 0.10). The severity of injury in national male and female judokas was moderate and also the most common mechanism of injury in judokas was trauma to the opposing player (female: 23.53%, male: 50.00 %) and high traction (female: 35.29%, male: 19.64%).Conclusion: Based on the above findings regarding the high incidence of injury, especially in the knee and shoulder joints, it is necessary in future research to try to use injury prevention strategies to control the mechanisms of injury in national judokas.