Document Type : Review Articles
1 Physical Therapist AND PhD Student, Department of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, School of Sports Sciences, Shahid Bahoonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, School of Sports Sciences, Shahid Bahoonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
Introduction: Conservative treatment of patients with non-specific chronic low back pain (NCLBP); especially as exercise-based interventions, is a main part of rehabilitation program for such patients. This review study was designed to investigate the influences of exercise-based therapeutic intervention on patients with NCLBP in Persian studies.Materials and Methods: ISC (Islamic World Science Citation Center), Magiran, IranMedex, SID, and MedLib were selected as searching motor engines by using keywords including NCLBP, exercise-based therapy, Therapeutic exercise, Exercise therapy, and Corrective exercise training. Studies which used patients with acute or specific low back pain as subjects were excluded from the review process.Results: From 35 articles found, ten articles included in our study. They mainly concentrated on the effects of core stabilizing exercises and Pilates training on pain intensity, disability, function, balance, lumbar flexor and extensor muscles’ endurance, and electrical activity of abdominal and spinal muscles in individuals with NCLBP. Positive effect of core stabilizing exercises and Pilates training method on above-mentioned variables is confirmed in the literature.Conclusion: Exercise-based therapeutic interventions; especially as core stabilizing exercises or Pilates training can lead to reducing pain and improving function in patients with NCLBP; although designing and implementing clinical trials studies is essential due to relative poor quality of present articles to achieve more valid results.