Relationship between Functional Movement Screen (FMS) score and the history of injury and identify the predictive value of the FMS

Document Type : Original Articles


Associate Professor, Department of Corrective Exercise, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran



Introduction: Return-to-play decisions have remained a matter of controversy for athletes. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between functional movement screen (FMS) score with history of injury and identify the predictive value of the FMS for injury. Materials and Methods: Statistical population of this study was the physical education students of Kharazmi University aged 18 to 25 years. A hundred subjects (50 females, 50 males) with the mean (± SD) age of 23.21 (± 2.12) years old were recruited. All participants read and signed the consent form. The FMS tests include: Deep Squat, Hurdle Step, In-Line Lunge, shoulder mobility, straight leg raise, Trunk Stability Push-Up, Rotary Stability were used to screen all individuals. Data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variances, Pearson correlation coefficient, Kappa, T test (SPSS, version 17 and alpha level set at 0.05). Results: Subjects without history of injury had better FMS scores than who has the history of injury. There was a statistical significance between the pre-season FM scores of subjects with ankle and knee injuries history with healthy ones. For all of subjects, a cut-off score of 17 was found that maximized sensitivity and specificity. An odds ratio was calculated at 4.70, meaning that an athlete has approximately 4.7 times greater chance of suffering a lower extremity injury during a regular competitive season if they score less than 17 on the FM. Conclusion: Scores of FMS tests provides the primary injury prevention model for coaches so that they can predict athletics future injury. So, this test can be considered as a basic and key physical examination for all athletes before attending in any training sport. Coach will benefit from this accurate tool to evaluate sport performance level for all team athletes. Keywords: Pre-participation physical examination, Functional movement screening, Athletics