The Importance of Specific and Special Programs in the Development of Fundamental Movement Skills

Document Type : Letter to Editor


Assistant Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, School of Sport Sciences, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran



Fundamental motor skills are the base for more advanced movement patterns in daily life and specialized and skilled movements. Skills practiced later in life depend on the improvements that occur during the development of fundamental motor skills. In addition, the developing and achieving a high level of fundamental motor skills depends on a variety of experiential factors including but not limited to opportunities for practice, encouragement, and instruction in an environment suitable for learning. A recent research has shown that the most popular sport in any country does not determine the level of mastery of fundamental motor skills by the children in that country. Rather, the implementation of direct goals for the development of fundamental motor skills and the comprehensiveness of the physical education curriculum played a critical role leading to a higher percentage of children mastering basic skills. Therefore, the necessity of designing specialized programs by competent institutions such as the Ministry of Education is highly recommended to increase the possibility for the children becoming proficient in fundamental motor skills.


  1. Clark J, Metcalf JS. The mountain of motor development: A metaphor. Motor Development: Research and Review 2002; 2: 62-95.
  2. Barnett LM, van BE, Morgan PJ, Brooks LO, Beard JR. Gender differences in motor skill proficiency from childhood to adolescence: A longitudinal study. Res Q Exerc Sport 2010; 81(2): 162-70.
  3. Burton AW, Miller DE. Movement Skill Assessment. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1998.
  4. Goodway JD, Robinson LE, Crowe H. Gender differences in fundamental motor skill development in disadvantaged preschoolers from two geographical regions. Res Q Exerc Sport 2010; 81(1): 17-24.
  5. Okely AD, Booth ML. Mastery of fundamental movement skills among children in New South Wales: Prevalence and sociodemographic distribution. J Sci Med Sport 2004; 7(3): 358-72.
  6. Valentini NC. Validity and reliability of the TGMD-2 for Brazilian children. J Mot Behav 2012; 44(4): 275-80.
  7. Goodway JD, Ozmun JC, Gallahue DL. Understanding motor development: Infants, children, adolescents, adults. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning; 2019.
  8. Tani G. Readings in physical education: portraits of a journey. Sao Paulo, Brazil: Phorte; 2011. [In Portuguese].
  9. Salehi SK, Tahmasebi F, Talebrokni FS. A different look at featured motor learning models: Comparison exam of Gallahue’s, Fitts and Posner’s and Ann Gentile’s motor learning model. Mov Sport Sci/Sci Mot 2021; 112(2): 53-63.

Salehi SK, Kashef M. Comparative study of fundamental movement skills in iranian children and selected countries of the world: a cross-sectional study. J Res Rehabil Sci 2021; 17. [In Persian].