Validity of Performance Assessment of Self-care Skills in Subjects Suffering from Multiple Sclerosis in Tehran

Document Type : Original Articles


1 M.Sc. OTR. Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 BSc Student, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran



Introduction: Self-care skills are considered to be activities that a person performs for self-maintenance and achieving independence in daily living. PASS (Performance Assessment of Self-care Skills) is one of the comprehensive tests in evaluating the patient self-care skills. The purpose of the present study was to assess the validity of PASS in evaluating the self-care skills of patient suffering from multiple sclerosis. Materials and Methods: The present study is a non-experimental methodological study. In this study we translated PASS to Persian language and investigated face validity and content validity of before mentioned test. Kruskal-Wallis test was performed in content validity to investigate the homogeneity of experts’ opinions. 30 adults suffering from multiple sclerosis underwent face validity investigation using Persian PASS. Results: The mean score and percent of validity regarding ADL was 3.93 for independence and 98 percent for validity. These values were 3.80 and 95 percent regarding safety, for outcome, mean score and validity percent was 3.93 and 98, respectively. In other categories same scores and percents are listed regarding independence, safety and outcome respectively: IADL: 3.77 and 94, 3.70 and 92, 3.84 and 96. Mobility: 3.40 and 85, 3.40 and 85, 3.36 and 84. Whole PASS in general: 3.72 and 93, 3.65 and 91, 3.75 and 94 Discussion: These results are indicative of very high validity of PASS in all 3 aspects of independence, safety, and outcome in evaluating self-care skills of MS patients. PASS is a psychometrically adequate measure that can be utilized in evaluation of self-care skills in MS patients.    Key words: Multiple Sclerosis, Reliability, PASS, Self-care Skills

Volume 10, Issue 3 - Serial Number 3
August 2014
Pages 372-381
  • Receive Date: 27 July 2013
  • Revise Date: 19 April 2024
  • Accept Date: 22 May 2022