Cognitive, auditory, language and speech skills of children with cleft lip and palate

Document Type : Original Articles

Authors

1 PhD Student, Department of Audiology, Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

2 PhD Student, Academic Member, Department of Speech Therapy, Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

3 BSc Student, Department of Speech Therapy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric Neurology, Golestan Medical Educational and Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

5 Lecturer, Academic Member, Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

10.22122/jrrs.v9i1.901

Abstract

Introduction: Cleft lip/palate can affect such various aspects of children development as cognitive, auditory, speech and language skills. Delayed diagnosis and comprehensive assessment of these children may exert devastating effects on these domains. Therefore, developmental skills of children with cleft lip and palate were evaluated in this study. Materials and Methods: Seventy-two children (40 normal, 32 cleft lip/palate), aged 3 to 6 years at the time of study, participated in this analytic-descriptive study for which a control-study design was adopted. All children were evaluated by Niyusha Developmental Scale. This scales targets the development of cognitive, auditory, speech, receptive and expressive language skills. Mann-Whitney’s U test was used to compare the mean scores between two groups and the Pearson correlation coefficient test was applied to examine the correlation between variables. Results: This study revealed a statistically significant difference in mean scores of speech and expressive language skills between the two groups (P < 0.05). The occurrence of middle ear infections in children with cleft lip/palate was greater than the normal group. Conclusion: Developmental skills in children with cleft palate and lip are affected by structural deficits. Comprehensive assessment of these children can help to design accurate interventional programs. Keywords: Cleft palate and lip, Cognitive skill, Auditory skill, Speech skill, Language skill, Newsh developmental scale test

  • Receive Date: 03 February 2013
  • Revise Date: 19 April 2024
  • Accept Date: 22 May 2022