The Effect of aerobic exercises on depression among Adult Women

Document Type : Original Articles

Authors

1 MSc, Faculty of Work therapy, Tehran University of Rehabilitation and Welfare, Tehran, Iran

2 PHD, Faculty of Work therapy, Tehran University of Rehabilitation and Welfare, Tehran, Iran

3 PHD, Faculty of Statistics, Tehran University of Rehabilitation and Welfare, Tehran, Iran

10.22122/jrrs.v4i1.25

Abstract

Introduction: Depression is one of the most common mental disorders affects 20 million adults every year. Antidepressant medication and psychotherapy are commonly used for these patients. It seems necessary to promote alternative methods in regards of tardiness and side effects of these therapies. This study investigated the aerobic exercise effects on depression among adult women.Materials and Methods: In this quasi experimental study, 82 participants met criteria for depression based on a Beck Depression Inventory. 41 women participated in aerobic exercise program. These sessions lasted 3 hours a week for 4 weeks. Control group (n = 41) did not participate in any exercise activity.   Results: The results revealed significant improvement in depression (P < 0.05) compared with the witness group and before exercises so as to regarding Beck Depression Inventory (II), it was changed from mediocre to mild in control group and steady in witness group.Conclusion: Four weeks aerobic exercises can effectively reduce depression in women, and be used as a method of treatment in occupational therapy.Key words: Depression disorder, Aerobic exercise, Women, Beck Depression Inventory

  • Receive Date: 03 November 2010
  • Revise Date: 25 March 2023
  • Accept Date: 22 May 2022
  • First Publish Date: 22 May 2022