Making Increase in Bimanual Coordination Task Accuracy under Limitation of Peripheral Vision

Document Type : Original Articles


1 PhD Student, Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Psychology, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Psychology, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran



Introduction: The effect of central vision occlusion on two-hand coordination tasks is assessed in previous studies. However, the effect of peripheral vision on these tasks is not clearly identified; therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of limitation of peripheral vision on two-hand coordination tasks.Materials and Methods: Seven right-handed and right eye-dominant girl students with a mean age of 24.00 ± 3.46 years participated in this study. Subjects tested under four experimental conditions including peripheral vision limitation of the position of right hand, left hand, and both hands, and no peripheral limitations of hand position in the two-handed Vienna coordination task with four tries for each condition. The data were analyzed using 1 × 4 repeated measures ANOVA.Results: All three conditions of visual peripheral limitation showed less errors than the conditions without visual limitation (P < 0.05). However, no significant difference was observed in the variable of total time between four experimental conditions (P > 0.05).Conclusion: It seems that the visual peripheral limitation, as an environmental constraint, may increase the focus of individuals in the two-hand coordination task.


  1. Zahiri A, Shahbazi M, Kordi Mr, Fazel Kalkhoran J. The effect of central and peripheral fatigue on coordination of student athletes. Journal of Motor Learning and Movement 2017; 9(1): 123-36. [In Persian].
  2. Doustan M, Boveiri K, Zilaei Bouri M, Seyfooriyan M. The study of transfer of asymmetrical bimanual movement to its converse pattern: Analysis on bimanual movements theories. Motor Behavior and Sport Psychology 2012; 8(553): 564. [In Persian].
  3. Farsi A, Soltani S, Mahdipour E. The effect of sensory disturbance and cognitive load on the transition of relative? Phase in bimanual coordination task in elderly women. J Res Rehabil Sci 2016; 12(1): 25-33. [In Persian].
  4. Norouzi E, Farsi A, Vaezmousavi M. Effects of proprioceptive and visual disturbance on inphase and anti-phase hand performance. Physical Trea Ments 2015; 5(1): 41-8.
  5. Cortis C, Pesce C, Capranica L. Inter-limb coordination dynamics: effects of visual constraints and age. Kinesiology 2018; 5(Suppl 1): 133-9.
  6. Boisgontier MP, Van Halewyck F, Corporaal SHA, Willacker L, Van Den Bergh V, Beets IAM, et al. Vision of the active limb impairs bimanual motor tracking in young and older adults. Front Aging Neurosci 2014; 6: 320.
  8. Gholampour H, Doostan MR. The effect of dominant hand and bimanual coordination task difficulty on the brainwave of cortical areas in right and left-handed persons. Neuropsychology 2017; 2(2): 47-62. [In Persian].
  9. Kourtis D, De Saedeleer L, Vingerhoets G. Handedness consistency influences bimanual coordination: a behavioural and electrophysiological investigation. Neuropsychologia 2014; 58: 81-7.
  10. Doosti M. The effect of task complexity and difficulty on psychomotor performance, self-efficiency and mental effort: Investigating speed accuracy traid off [Dissertation]. Tehran, Iran: Alzahra University; 2015. [In Persian].
  11. Taherpouri T, Shafineya P, Zarghami M. The effect of the pattern of lateral preference of eye and hand on learning basketball free throw skill. Journal of Motor Learning and Movement 2016; 8(3): 413-34. [In Persian].
  12. Prado J, Clavagnier S, Otzenberger H, Scheiber C, Kennedy H, Perenin MT. Two cortical systems for reaching in central and peripheral vision. Neuron 2005; 48(5): 849-58.
  13. Baker NA, Livengood H, Nau AC, Owens G, Chambers AJ, Trout J, et al. Effects of central and peripheral vision occlusion on motor performance during hand coordination tasks. IISE Trans Occup Ergon Hum Factors 2017; 5(3-4): 148-57.
  14. Basevitch I, Tenenbaum G, Land WM, Ward P. Visual and skill effects on soccer passing performance, kinematics, and outcome estimations. Front Psychol 2015; 6: 198.
  15. Land WM, Tenenbaum G, Ward P, Marquardt C. Examination of visual information as a mediator of external focus benefits. J Sport Exerc Psychol 2013; 35(3): 250-9.
  16. Franz EA, Rowse A, Ballantine B. Does Handedness Determine Which Hand Leads in a Bimanual Task? J Mot Behav 2002; 34(4): 402-12.
  17. Pellegrini AM, Andrade EC, Teixeira LA. Attending to the non-preferred hand improves bimanual coordination in children. Hum Mov Sci 2004; 23(3): 447-60.
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Serial Number 4
September 2018
Pages 199-205
  • Receive Date: 28 August 2018
  • Revise Date: 01 June 2022
  • Accept Date: 22 May 2022
  • First Publish Date: 22 May 2022