Determination of foot arch index in deferent ages groups for men and women in Esfahan city

Document Type : Original Articles


1 MSc, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Education, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 Full Professor, Department of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Physical Education, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran



AbstractIntroduction: Despite many research on foot deformities (flat foot & pes cavus) , still There isn’t any public agreement about the range of them. So the aim of this present study was " Determination  of  foot arch  index  in deferent ages groups  for men and women in Esfahan city ."Materials and Methods: Pupulation of this study were all of the people from Esfahan city,250 female and 250 male were randomly selected between healthy subjects, in 5 geographic regions (north , south , east , west, center ) and 5 age groups from Esfahan city.The foot print was recorded by arch index of Staheli and (AI)  was calculated. Data analysis was done by determining  mean and standard deviation for desired ages  and sexes and confidence interval  ٪95. All dada were analyzed by SPSS version 18.0 (P ≤ 0.05).Results: AI respectively is ( & ( in boys and girls 9 to 14 y. AI respectively is ( & ( in boys and girls 15 to 24 y. AI respectively is ( & ( in men and women 25 to 44 y. AI respectively is( & (   in men and women 45 to 64 y. AI respectively is ( & ( in men and women 65 y & above.Conclusion : According to the results of this study foot arch  index in men and women were determined and also, in age groups of 14  in boys and 65 & above in women, increasing was seen in mean of AI . Without attention to the age , the mean AI of the men is a little higher than the women ( But were not significant statistically (p< 0.05)).Keywords: Index- Sole Arch, Staheli arch Index, Flat foot, Pes cavus

  • Receive Date: 01 May 2013
  • Revise Date: 22 March 2023
  • Accept Date: 22 May 2022
  • First Publish Date: 22 May 2022