Determine Of Biometric Parameters Associated With Injury in Elite Martial Art Athletes and Preventive Strategy

Document Type : Original Articles

Authors

1 Department of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercises, School of Physical Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercises, School of Physical Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

10.22122/jrrs.v9i2.861

Abstract

AbstractIntroduction: national athletes are part of the social wealth and Sports injury is a reality that threatens their health. The purpose of this study was determined the biometric parameters associated with incidence of injuries in elite martial art athletes and preventive strategy.Materials and Methods: This research is descriptive with correlation type. 36 elite male fighters member of national team (judo, karate & wushu) participated in the study. Biometric characteristics of the participants were measured according to the guidelines of the international association for the advancement of kin anthropometry (ISAK). In order to collect a history of injuries the standard questionnaire of Australian sports medicine was used. Pearson correlation test was used to determine biometric parameters related to athletes’ injuries.Results: among the 17 parameters studied in this research, there were a significant relationship between incidence of injuries to the, percent body fat (p>0.05), the endomorph body type (p>0.05) and brachial index (p>0.05) and length of the lower extremities (p>0.05).Conclusion: professional sports situation, weight loss and weight gain, fat tissue role in decreasing muscle power and muscle fatigue can display relationship between body fat percent and endomorph with athletes’ injury. Importance of manipulation skills and concurrent role of upper and lower extremity in successful performance of martial arts athletes may justify the relationship between brachial index and length of the lower extremities with injury incidence. So attention to programs to prepare athletes for specific movement patterns, muscle and joint involvement, attack, defense and landing will be applicable in preventing injuries.Key Words: Biometric Parameters, Martial Art, Elite Athletes

  • Receive Date: 05 January 2013
  • Revise Date: 15 April 2024
  • Accept Date: 22 May 2022