The correlation between forward head posture and trigger points in trapezius muscle in subjects with chronic neck pain

Document Type : Original Articles

Authors

1 Lecturer, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 BSc, Department of Physiotherapy, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

10.22122/jrrs.v8i6.583

Abstract

Introduction: Neck pain is a common cause for referral to physiotherapy. Neck pain may be related to prolonged static posture in head, neck, and shoulder during daily activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between Forward head posture (FHP) and neck pain in subjects with chronic neck pain and healthy individuals (aged 20-60 years old). Materials and Methods: This study had a case-control design. Thirty one subjects with chronic neck pain and thirty one healthy people were recruited in this research. Images were obtained from right lateral view for all participants using a digital camera. Then they were analyzed by ImageJ software to measure head and shoulder forward postures. T-test and Chi-square test were used to analyze the data. Results: Patients with chronic neck pain had significantly more forward head and round shoulder postures compared with normal subjects (P < 0.0001). Chronic neck pain was prominently correlated with trigger points in trapezius muscle (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Chronic neck pain is associated with forward head posture and rounded shoulder. Therefore, it is important to address these faulty postures and correct them in treatment sessions. Also, it is more critical to find trigger points in surrounding neck muscles and treat them for pain management. Keywords: Chronic neck pain, Forward head posture, Rounded shoulder

Volume 8, Issue 6 - Serial Number 6
January 2013
Pages 989-997
  • Receive Date: 07 July 2012
  • Revise Date: 19 April 2024
  • Accept Date: 22 May 2022