Vestibular disorders in children

Document Type : Review Articles


1 Academic Member, Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Academic Member, Department of Audiology, Ahvaz University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran



Introduction: Diagnosis and management of balance disorders is more difficult in young patients than in adults since children are frequently unable to explain the nature of their complaint. The symptoms of vestibular disorders in children may easily be mistaken for behavioral or other medical problems, leading to wrong diagnosis and inappropriate evaluation and treatment. This review summaries the most common causes of childhood vestibular disorders and suggests the need for a multidisciplinary approach to their assessment.Materials and Methods: The present study was a review of the latest literature on the subject of neurophysiological model of tinnitus using Science Direct, PuBmed, Google Scholar, ProQuet, Scopus databases. The following keywords were used to perform the search “vestibular disorders of children”, “dizziness” and “vertigo”.Results: Of 85 original and 87 review articles initially found, 26 articles were finally selected having studied original articles on the basis of their title, introduction and discussion and full reading of review articles. The selected articles were used to carry out this review on vestibular disorders in children.Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that childhood vestibular disorders may be more common than what previously thought. Attacks of vertigo may be severe and poorly tolerated in children, thus management of this aspect is important and both the child and his/her parents should to be counseled.Keywords: Vestibular disorders, Children, Vertigo, Dizziness