Comparison effect of six week resistance-balance, velocity- balance and balance training on dynamic balance in active elderly males

Document Type : Original Articles

Authors

1 PhD, Assistance Professor, Department of Physical Training and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Instructor, Msc of Sport Biomechanics, Department of Physical Training and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran.

3 Instructor, Msc of Physical Training and Sport Sciences, Department of Physical Training and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran.

4 Instructor, Msc of Sport Biomechanics, Department of Physical Training and Sport Sciences Islamic Azad University, Takestan Branch, Takestan, Iran.

10.22122/jrrs.v5i2.110

Abstract

Abstract   Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Resistance-Balance, Velocity- Balance and Balance training on dynamic balance in active elderly males. Materials and Methods: 34 elderly males with no history of lower extremity impairment, voluntarily participated in this study. They were divided into the following four groups; group 1: Resistance- Balance exercise, group 2: Velocity-Balance exercise, group 3: Balance exercise and group 4: control group. Dynamic balance was assessed through The SEBT test on the day before exercises began. The subjects in three above-mentioned exercise groups were executing exercise programs for 6 weeks and throughout this period, the controls were asked to continue to their daily routine activities. Dynamic balance of subjects was re-assessed by The SEBT test one day after completing exercises. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA and post-hoc tukey were used for data analysis. Results: the study results showed significant increase in reaching distance in all directions after Resistance-Balance, Velocity- Balance and Balance training. It was also shown that increase in reaching distance following velocity- balance exercises was more than that resulting from the resistance-balance and balance exercises. Conclusion: according to the present results, using velocity-balance, resistance-balance and balance alone exercises (especially velocity-balance exercises) in elderly male training programs are recommended to decrease likelihood of falling and improve the elderly population dynamic balance. Keywords: Training, Dynamic balance, Active elderly males.  

  • Receive Date: 08 November 2010
  • Revise Date: 19 April 2024
  • Accept Date: 22 May 2022