Vol 9, No 4: 2013

Effect of Core Muscle Fatigue on Measurements of Lower Extremity Functional Performance in Male Athletes

Soheil Sheikhhassani, Reza Rajabi, Hooman Minoonejad

DOI: 10.22122/jrrs.v9i4.916

Abstract


Abstract

 

Introduction: Core stability is the ability to control the position and motion of the trunk over the pelvis and legs to allow optimum production and transfer of force to the terminal segment in sporting activities. The role of core stability in lower extremity performance has been evaluated in some studies. However, results of such studies contradict each other. In this respect, it has been shown that studying the effect of core muscle fatigue on lower extremity performance can provide useful information about the role of core stability in lower extremity performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of core muscle fatigue on measurements of lower extremity functional performance in male athletes.

Materials and methods: Thirty-four healthy male Physical Education and Sport Sciences students did the lower extremity functional performance tests including Y balance, side-to-side hop, figure-eight hop and triple hop in non-fatigued condition during one session. In the second session, at first, athletes participated in the core fatigue protocol consisting of seven exercises and immediately did the lower extremity functional performance tests. Paired t-test was used to compare the results of the lower extremity functional performance tests before and after core fatigue.

Result: Core fatigue protocol caused significant reduction in the scores of all lower extremity functional performance tests including Y balance, side-to-side hop, figure-eight hop and triple hop (p = 0.001 for all tests).

Conclusion: From this study’s result, it can be concluded that core muscle function affects lower extremity performance, as core muscle fatigue resulted in decreased scores in all lower extremity functional performance tests in this study. Given the possibility that core muscles may become fatigued during long sporting events, training programs which increase core muscle endurance and improve their ability to resist fatigue, could probably be suggested as a way to prevent reduction of lower extremity performance during prolonged sporting activities.

Key words: core stability, fatigue, functional performance tests


Full Text:

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.